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Tree species

Making a Scented-Shelter Rest with Hopea odorata at Koh Chang

Hopea odorata

Hopea odorata

The Hopea odorata or known in English as the White Thingan is a native tree species in Thailand including Koh Chang but not endemic because this kind of tree is also found in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar and Vietnam.  In Koh Chang, the white thingan trees are found mostly along the damp areas where water from falls usually passes through or along streams’ banks. They occur sporadically in pure groups but are not gregarious over large areas. They are known for their shade or shelter and their propagation is for reforestation purposes in reclamation sites.

 

White Thingans are riparian species which are usually occurred on deep rich soils. Adult Hopea odorata reaches the average height of 45 meters tall and are classified as medium-sized to large evergreen tree with large crown fitting to be considered as shade provider tree species. It flowers and bears fruits almost regularly every two years. The small white and fragrant flowers it bears give Hopea odorata its distinct epithet and they appear between February and April and the fruits ripened at the beginning of the rainy season in May and June. Natural germination happens when the seeds are dispersed by wind on the ground. Seeds take in 1-4 weeks to germinate. The germination rate of seeds has been found to be 73% in un-shaded beds, 83% in shaded beds and 40% in direct field sowing. Yound seedlings of Hopea odorata are normally protected by shade crop from hot weather or harsh condition and to keep weeds down. Young Hopea odorata plants need full overhead light and the shade crop must be monitored so not to overtop the young plant. Regular weeding and occasional watering are recommended to give the young tree the potential of great survival and robust growth rate. 

 

The wood of Hopea odorata tree though heavy at 755 kg/ cubic meter and difficult to cut by saw, it is nonetheless used for boat building and dug-out canoes. Due to its durability and strength, it is also utilized in construction, carts, presses flooring, fence-posts, furniture, piles, ploughs and others. It is considered as first class sleeper wood. 





published: 22.10.2012

Klong Son Beach is good for:

peace and quiet

sandy beach

fishing

 

Short description:

Klong Son beach (or Had Klong Son) is located on the north of Koh Chang. Nice bay at the very top of the island. Pure white sand stretch of beach, shaded with coconut trees. Klong Son gets very low numbers of visitors with the bulk of the backpackers and tourists alike speeding south enroute to Koh Chang's finer and more popular stretches of sand.

White Sand Beach is good for:

night live

sandy beach

variety of restaurants

shopping

Short description:

Koh Chang's most famous stretch of sand, at over 2km long there's certainly room for everyone! Lined with bungalows, food stalls and shops this is one of the best beaches in all of Thailand.

Klong Phrao Beach is good for:

tranquil surroundings

gorgeous rocky landscape

all sorts of activities

quiet and peaceful

Short description:

Situated on the somewhat less glamorous, northern side of the Koh Chang Island, Klong Prao isn’t all that much of tourist destination, especially for those who are in need of a true holiday experience of the exotic kind.

Lonely Beach is good for:

great sunset

cheap and peaceful retreat

all sorts of beach activities

perfect for family

Short description:

Also known as Kai Bae Beach, this is the spot to catch a great sunset! A few small shops and food stalls are along the beach, a good spot to chill out away from the crowds at White Sands Beach.

Bangbao Bay is good for:

fishing

seafood restaurants

shopping

nightlife

Short description:

A well-sheltered bay with a small and quiet beach. It is a fishing community where residents still live in houses built on stilts and are connected by wooden bridges. There are a growing number of tourist shops, scuba dive outlets and seafood restaurants offering a good selection of seafood.

Salak Khok Bay is good for:

pretty, unspoiled area

traditional Thai community

kayaking

quiet and peaceful

Short description:

There aren’t so much attraction in Salak Kok, but tourists can Kayak among the mangroves. Salak Kok Bay still has a fishing community that doesn’t change so much in many years, a great place to see the real traditional Thai community.

 

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