Follow us:
Sign in  |  Affiliate  |  Contact
image of Koh Chang Island
Resorts search:

Fauna and Flora

Rainforests: Fauna and Flora of Mu Koh Chang National Park

The mountain ridges which defined the physical look of the Mu Koh Chang National Park are covered by dense tropical green forest. They are mostly made up of trees endemic to the place which include species of Dipterocarpus alatus, D. turbinatus, Anisoptera costata, Hopea odorata, Irvingia malayana, Podocarpus neriifolius, Diospyros spp., Castanopsis spp., Croton spp., Oncosperma horrida, Caryota mitis., Daemonorops spp., Korthalsia grandis, Bauhinia bracteata, Freycinetia sumatrana, Platycerium coronarium, Amomum spp., Boesenbergia pandurata and Kaempferia pulchra. Around the villages of Salak Phet, Salak Khok, Khlong Son and Khlong Phrao Bay are areas of Beach Forest. The dominant tree species here are Terminalia catappa, Calophyllum inophyllum, Melaleuca leucadendra, Eugenia grandis, E. spicata, and Pandanus odoratissimus.


In the more sheltered spots, especially where freshwater enters the sea to produce brackish water, fairly large areas of mangrove forest exist. These mangrove forests consists of a combination of tree species including Rhizophora mucronata, R. apiculata, Ceriops decandra, C. tagal, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, B. parviflora, Avicennia alba, Xylocarpus granatum, X. moluccensis, Hibiscus tiliaceus and Cerbera odollum. Mostly along the coastlines especially in the island of Koh Chang are coconuts which offer a unique and distinct tropical or Asian setting to many resorts and hotels.


Koh Chang Bamboo forest
Koh Chang Bamboo forest

Within Mu Koh Chang National Park, there are 29 wildlife species presently recorded.Animals seen include wild pig, barking deer, slow loris, stump-tailed macaque, silvered langur, eastern mole, small Indian civet, Javan mongoose plus several species of bats, squirrels, rats and mice.


The bird list for the park currently numbers 74 species of which 61 are resident. More common sightings include pacific reef-egret, yellow-vented bulbul, Nightjar, Pacific swallow, White-breasted waterhen, Green imperial pigeon and Oriental pied hornbill. Migratory bird visitors to the islands include little heron, greater sand-plover, white-winged tern, brown noddy, black-naped oriole, pale-legged leaf warbler, arctic warbler and barn swallow.


Two common breeding visitors to the islands are the blue-winged pitta and the hooded pitta, both of which have very distinctive whistling calls often heard early in the morning and in the evening. Commonly seen passage migrants include blue-throated flycatcher, blue-and-white flycatcher and the eastern-crowned warbler. Also discovered are 42 species of reptiles and amphibians. More commonly seen of which are Malayan mud turtle, Indian monitor lizard, water monitor lizard, white-face blue garden lizard, Tokay gecko, East Indian brown sided grass skink, python, racer, rat snake, king cobra, common Asiatic toad, green rice field frog, common tree frog, bulter’s chorus frog and rugosed frog. An endemic species found here and nowhere else is the aptly named Koh Chang frog (Rana kohchangae).


It was also observed that though the national park has a suitable environment for gibbons, park management personnel and residents did not experience any kind of encounters or sightings of gibbons. Nevertheless, there are still many unnamed species thriving in Mu Koh Chang which are waiting to be discovered but continuing to contribute and maintain the balance of nature.


Considering the biodiversity of Mu Koh Chang National Park, rainforests are regarded in the virgin state, mostly preserved and protected.

Klong Son Beach is good for:

peace and quiet

sandy beach



Short description:

Klong Son beach (or Had Klong Son) is located on the north of Koh Chang. Nice bay at the very top of the island. Pure white sand stretch of beach, shaded with coconut trees. Klong Son gets very low numbers of visitors with the bulk of the backpackers and tourists alike speeding south enroute to Koh Chang's finer and more popular stretches of sand.

White Sand Beach is good for:

night live

sandy beach

variety of restaurants


Short description:

Koh Chang's most famous stretch of sand, at over 2km long there's certainly room for everyone! Lined with bungalows, food stalls and shops this is one of the best beaches in all of Thailand.

Klong Phrao Beach is good for:

tranquil surroundings

gorgeous rocky landscape

all sorts of activities

quiet and peaceful

Short description:

Situated on the somewhat less glamorous, northern side of the Koh Chang Island, Klong Prao isn’t all that much of tourist destination, especially for those who are in need of a true holiday experience of the exotic kind.

Lonely Beach is good for:

great sunset

cheap and peaceful retreat

all sorts of beach activities

perfect for family

Short description:

Also known as Kai Bae Beach, this is the spot to catch a great sunset! A few small shops and food stalls are along the beach, a good spot to chill out away from the crowds at White Sands Beach.

Bangbao Bay is good for:


seafood restaurants



Short description:

A well-sheltered bay with a small and quiet beach. It is a fishing community where residents still live in houses built on stilts and are connected by wooden bridges. There are a growing number of tourist shops, scuba dive outlets and seafood restaurants offering a good selection of seafood.

Salak Khok Bay is good for:

pretty, unspoiled area

traditional Thai community


quiet and peaceful

Short description:

There aren’t so much attraction in Salak Kok, but tourists can Kayak among the mangroves. Salak Kok Bay still has a fishing community that doesn’t change so much in many years, a great place to see the real traditional Thai community.



Koh Chang Tourism  is sending out an electronic newsletter with the latest news, events and offers from Koh Chang. We would be happy to inform you as well! Insert your email: